State of ICT Development in Nigeria Report

Recognizing Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has an important role in the world today. With ICT, public and private institutions can make the lives easier for all. ICTs have proved to be increasingly fundamental to the socio-economic development of any nation. The lack of appropriate information at the right time will result in low productivity, low quality research works, and waste of time to pursue information and even to do research which actually others had done or in other countries. Nowadays ICT cannot be separated with daily needs.

ICT is one of the economic development pillars to gain national competitive advantage. It can improve the quality of human life and provides wider knowledge and can help in gaining and accessing information. ICT has become an integral part of everyday life for many people. It increases its importance in people’s lives and it is expected that this trend will continue, to the extent that ICT literacy will become a functional requirement for people’s work, social, and personal lives.

In Nigeria, knowing the value of ICT to socio-political and economic life of a nation, the Federal Government from 1999 till date had invested huge amount to ICT development which can be verified through budget provision, budget implementation, infrastructure, skill building coupled with host of other innovative programs and projects. Despite this huge investment, the country is ranked 143 on the global ICT Development Index (IDI), with 2.60 values in 2017 (Source: ICT Development Index). There is need to not only improve Nigeria ranking but to also see the impact of ICT on average citizen in rural and urban Nigeria.

To complement Federal Government efforts, State Governments in Nigeria must contribute their own quota and going by our findings so far, state governments has contributed little to this sector. It is to this end that the Pan African Institute for Entrepreneurship and Community Development and African Centre for Citizens Orientation are carrying out research in all the states of federation to rank ICT development within Nigeria and across the states. The research will also provide meaningful, concrete and tangible statistics for effective planning and development.

State of ICT Development in Nigeria Report will monitor, collate and analyze data around ICT for development in Nigeria. The result of this analysis will be published annually to rank States in Nigeria as related to investment, education and human capacity development in ICT using the global benchmark. This index will combine different indicators into one standard assessment.

The main objectives of the project are to measure:

• The use of ICTs within states in Nigeria and their contributions towards ICT development;
• Progress in ICT development in each state in Nigeria;
• The digital divide, i.e. how is existing ICT facilities and policies affect women and girls, what mechanisms are in place to enhance growth and development in the context of available capabilities and skills.
• Finance structure and contribution of each state to ICT development in their state, i.e. budget provisions, project implementation as well as providing access and infrastructure, and support to youth and women development in ICT.

The report is established to be national and will reflect changes taking place in each state of the federation as regards ICT development from 2004 to 2018. It therefore relies on available data which can be established with sensible confidence in each state of Nigeria. This report will also contribute to the global ICT Development Index (IDI) and to also improve Nigeria ranking.

ICT indicators will be grouped in three clusters: access, use and skills using the global ICT Development indicators